I reinstalled Arch on my desktop, and these are my notes-to-self on what I did differently from the install guide, so I don’t forget.
Note (2013-12-28): This information is out of date. In any case, you should be using the Arch wiki as a reference, as it’s kept up-to-date; this is just for my own memory.
Note (2013-12-28): I would not recommend using bcache in combination with btrfs. Filesystem corruption may result due to unknown interactions between bcache and btrfs. There are some posts on various mailing lists about the issue.
Follow the instructions on the Arch wiki: install the
bcache-tools-git package from the AUR. Once you have the partitions you want to use as the cache and the backing store, run
make-bcache to create the bcache device, which appears as
Now, instead of just creating a btrfs filesystem on the new
/dev/bcache0 device, we follow the instructions on this page. So we end up with the following subvolumes:
hdevalence@noether /> sudo btrfs subvolume list -a . ID 256 gen 12022 top level 5 path <FS_TREE>/__active ID 257 gen 12146 top level 5 path <FS_TREE>/__active/home ID 258 gen 12142 top level 5 path <FS_TREE>/__active/var ID 259 gen 11893 top level 5 path <FS_TREE>/__active/usr
The mount options in
Next, we go back to the bcache instructions, to set up
mkinitcpio to generate a kernel image that can pick up the bcache device. Picking the udev option, we copy the udev script into
MODULES, and edit
HOOKS to look like
HOOKS="base udev autodetect modconf block bcache_udev filesystems keyboard fsck btrfs_advanced"
It’s important not to forget to add
MODULES, or else the system won’t boot.
Finally, by default bcache uses writethrough caching. I don’t think that my SSD is too unreliable, and I have backups, so I do
[root@noether ~]# echo writeback > /sys/block/bcache0/bcache/cache_mode [root@noether ~]# cat /sys/block/bcache0/bcache/cache_mode writethrough [writeback] writearound none
Note that the documentation on the bcache site was slightly incorrect, at least when I was looking at it. It says to run
# echo writeback > /sys/block/bcache0/cache_mode
but since that’s not the correct path, it just gives
/sys/block/bcache0/cache_mode: No such file or directory
Next, we install X11 and video drivers. I picked the
radeon drivers instead of
radeon now supports the Southern Islands chipsets, and AMD’s proprietary drivers are utter crap. The packages to install are
xorg-server xorg-server-utils xorg-xinit xf86-video-ati mesa mesa-demos
then start X and run
glxinfo, etc. to check that it’s working. Finally, enable dynamic power management by editing the kernel parameters to add
Finally, install KDE, etc. as normal.